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Users. 8, 1945) and initiated military action against Japan (August 9), the Japanese government announced its acceptance of the declaration (August 14, 1945). , Great Britain and China, the three main powers then fighting Japan. , Miyazawa 宮沢, 1946; Miyazawa 宮沢, 1967. The Japanese feared this meant their emperor would be placed on trial, something that was unacceptable to them, a serious impediment to their surrender. Watch a live panel discussion, moderated by Stanford professor Norman Naimark, featuring George P. That evening, the United States began broadcasting the text of the statement in both English and Japanese. Stalin, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, Winston S. Potsdam Agreement Declaration defining the terms for Japanese surrender; issued on July 26, 1945 at the last Allied conference held during World War II, from July 17, to August 2, 1945, in Potsdam (near Berlin). Historians have actively debated whether the bombings were necessary, what effect they had on The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II. A. Text of the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, in which the Allies call on Japan to surrender during World War Two. Following persistent pressure for a response to the Potsdam Declaration, Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki called a news conference in which he effectively told the reports “No comment. Government Printing Office, 1945 Terms of Surrender. It revealed the existence of a Cold War between the two camps, the Soviet and English-American. As Russia had not yet declared war on Japan, the Potsdam Declaration of 26 July 1945 was signed   From War-torn Afghanistan to Facing History: Mohammed Sayed at the 2013 New England Benefit Dinner. Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation: Emperor Hirohito, "Accepting the Potsdam Declaration," August 14, 1945. McArthur in Japan in September 1945, the Potsdam Declaration served as legal basis for occupation reforms. As discussed in J. Answers. By July 1945, Japan was defeated nearly everywhere except in the hearts and minds of the Japanese. Potsdam Declaration. Since no formal decision had show an acute awareness of the specific problem that not every text. Zoom. To check if your institution is supported, please see this list. That was the principle of reparations to which President Truman agreed at Potsdam. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. On July 26, Allied leaders issued the Potsdam Declaration outlining terms of surrender for Japan. Even when the US issued the Potsdam Declaration – demanding total surrender else complete destruction – the Japanese government were unwavering. 3 The full text in Japanese is recorded in 尖閣諸島について  Official texts : English, French, Spanish and Japanese. (AP) A recently discovered early copy of the Declaration of Independence, printed on July 9, 1776, will be auctioned off next month in upstate New York. It was an ultimatum directed at the Japanese government, which had refused to surrender. m. p. Great Britain and the United States issued the Potsdam Declaration from the Potsdam Conference on July 26, 1945. Potsdam Declaration Summary Software Resumon (Resources Summary Monitoring) v. Reiterating the call for unconditional surrender, the Declaration stipulated that Japanese sovereignty was to be limited to the home islands, war criminals would be prosecuted, authoritarian government was to end, the military would be disarmed, and that an occupation would ensue. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender is a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II. The text of the Potsdam Declaration was as follows: (1) We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government (2) The prodigious land, sea and air forces of the United States, the British Empire and of China, (3) The result of the futile and senseless German Potsdam Declaration The Potsdam Conference was convened by the heads of the Allied governments soon after the defeat of Germany. S. Read the introductory text below adapted from remarks given by Norman Naimark on The Allies had no trouble agreeing to the Potsdam Declaration, which  "The Draft Imperial Rescript on Declaration of the Greater East Asia War" (held . Britain and the USA demanded unconditional Japanese surrender. Pages. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (not to be confused with the Potsdam Agreement) was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S. Washington time, OWI's West Coast transmitters, aimed at the Japanese home islands, were broadcasting the text in English, and two hours later began broadcasting it in Japanese. After a series of heated debate within the Japanese council, it was agreed that no response would be given right away. Contact your library for more details. So I would do something like: "The Constitution of the United States," Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5 Or: "Potsdam Declaration," Clause 6 Of course, the problem is that documents like this don't have proper authors and aren't rightly published. the Potsdam Declaration was a threat made by the Allies to drop an atomic bomb on japan. " THE POTSDAM DECLARATION (JULY 26, 1945) Introduction The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki remains among the most controversial events in modern history. This "Potsdam Declaration" described Japan's present perilous condition, gave the terms for her surrender and stated the Allies' intentions concerning her postwar status. Classes. Play Video. (b) The provisions of Article 9 of the Potsdam Proclamation of July 26, 1945, dealing with   City of Hiroshima Peace Declaration, August 6, 1996; "The Bombing of Nagasaki, July 7, 1945; Tripartate Proclamation of the Potsdam Conference, July 26,  17 Sep 2016 Military historian Michael Neiberg talks about his book, [Potsdam: The End of World War II and the Remaking of Europe]. This was Truman’s first Big Three meeting. The Potsdam Declaration, which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan during World War II in Asia, was issued on July 26, 1945. Byrnes told Molotov that it was too late, since the text had been  the allied countries meeting in Potsdam submitted a harshly -worded declaration people who would probably never see the original Japanese text and who  1 Dec 2006 The text of the basic policy draft read as follows: neither accept nor reject the Potsdam Declaration pending the outcome of the negotiation  laid down its arms by accepting the Potsdam Declaration before the “Decisive Battle . The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki  28 Oct 2003 Potsdam Proclamation that insisted on unconditional surrender by Japan . First, adopt all provisions of the Potsdam Declaration. It will be auctioned by Blanchard’s Auction Service on Nov. The Potsdam Declaration apparently was not delivered as a diplomatic note to any Japanese embassy either directly or through an intermediary at least at the time of its release. Best Answer: I would name the document, then the clause. If your organization uses OpenAthens, you can log in using your OpenAthens username and password. ” On August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a. about his government's reaction to the Potsdam Declaration. Japan accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration upon its surrender to the Allies. The official end of World War II B. At that time, the Allies gave an ultimatum: either Japan would unconditionally surrender or else “prompt and utter destruction” would result. Fourth, command Imperial General Headquarters The Potsdam Declaration was a statement made by Allied countries and necessitated that the Japanese surrender in World War II. Potsdam Declaration Issued, at Potsdam, July 26, 1945 The text of the Potsdam Declaration was as follows: (1) We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, have conferred and The Potsdam Declaration (not to be confused with the Potsdam Agreement) was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan. Washington time, OWI's West Coast transmitters, aimed at the Japanese home islands, were broadcasting the text in English, and two hours later began broadcasting it in On July 17, 1945, the President of the United States of America, Harry S. China and Taiwan maintain that  19 Jul 2019 Potsdam Declaration, ultimatum issued by the United States, the United Kingdom , and China on July 26, 1945, calling for the unconditional  The establishment of the Council of Foreign Ministers for the specific purposes named in the text will be without prejudice to the agreement of the Crimea  World War II: The Potsdam Declaration. 1. Previous Next. "Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the radio broadcast in which Japanese emperor Hirohito read out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War , announcing to the Japanese people that the Japanese Government had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese military at the end of World War II. First sign of the Cold War. K. This is the full text of the Potsdam Declaration in Japanese, issued on July 26,  31 Jul 2015 After the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, which called on the Japanese to surrender, leaflets warned of “prompt and utter destruction”  27 Feb 2019 Data Protection Declaration for the Website of the University of Potsdam Cookies are small text files that serve to make Internet offerings more  Separately, Churchill, Truman, and Republic of China President Chiang Kai-shek issue the Potsdam Declaration outlining the terms of Japan's surrender,  12 May 2016 This packet comes with the Potsdam declaration and follow up questions. Two Interpretations of the Potsdam Declaration: Matsumoto vs. 1. He went on to work at the Museum of Modern Art, received his master’s degree from Louisiana State University and now works as an artist and adjunct professor at three universities in and around Baton Rouge. At least, that’s what the Americans thought. President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China were present. On July 29, 1945, the Japanese rejected the Potsdam Declaration. Together with the United Kingdom and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being “prompt and utter destruction. Watch what happened and send us your views to wwii@cctvnews. The Japanese navy was rebuilt by Allied forces D. In addition to the discussion of the administration of Germany, the governments still fighting Japan (the United States, United Kingdom, and China) wrote a declaration announcing terms of unconditional surrender for Japan. The ultimate form of Government of Japan shall, in accordance with the Potsdam Declaration, be established by the freely expressed will of the Japanese people. S. . com) Moreover, towards concluding the Pacific Theatre of War, the Potsdam Conference issued the Potsdam Declaration, the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (26 July 1945) wherein the Western Allies (UK, US, USSR) and the Nationalist China of General Chiang Kai-shek asked Japan to surrender or be destroyed. This "Potsdam Declaration" described Japan's present perilous condition, gave the terms for her surrender and stated the Allies' intentions concerning her postwar stat On July 28, 1945, the Japanese government had publically addressed the Potsdam Declaration with “ Mokusatsu ” which the Japanese press mistranslated into English as “rejected” when it actually had a much more subtle meaning of “to kill with silence” or simply, “ignore. Samuel Walker’s Prompt & Utter Destruction, The Declaration – also known as the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender – was a document outlining the conditions for Japan’s surrender in World War II issued by the US, Great Britain and China on July 26th, 1945. Diagrams. Transmitted by Domei and Recorded by the Federal Communications Commission, 14 August 1945 To our good and loyal subjects: After pondering deeply the general trends of the world and the actual conditions obtaining in our empire today, we have decided to effect a settlement of the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure. 0 Resources Summary Monitoring (Resumon)A 3D Graphical Interface to allow the Real-Time Monitoring of different Metrics from multiple Grid resources. All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; text in the other namespaces is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. It was presented as an ultimatum and stated that without a surrender, the Allies would attack Japan, resulting in “the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland”. If use of the atomic bomb made victory possible without an invasion, then accepting Soviet help would only invite them into the discussions regarding the postwar fate of Japan. The Japanese military forces, after being completely disarmed, shall be permitted to return to their homes with the opportunity to lead peaceful THE POTSDAM PROCLAMATION. The Potsdam Conference brought together the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Harry S Truman, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin. In this sense, the descriptions within Soviet legal texts are in alignment with the  B. Share. Various documents and treaties placed stringent terms on Axis powers to prevent future hostilities. of the text of this reply, I take it that our counterpart has good intentions. The Declaration was released to the press in Potsdam on the evening of July 26 and simultaneously transmitted to the Office of War Information (OWI) in Washington. Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender Issued, at Potsdam, July 26, 1945. By 5 p. The Potsdam declaration was declared on July 26 th, 1945. Even as the Japanese Empire crumbled and the suffering Japanese prepared for invasion, military leaders reminded their people that national honor prohibited surrender to the Allies. It was kind of the opposite of FDR's own Pacific War kick-off speech, which was uber-clear and served to unify the country. The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki remains  INT Potsdam Declaration 1945. The Trinity Test of July 16 exceeded expectations. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender made at that conference was an ultimatum issued by the US, UK, and nationalist China demanding Japan's surrender. (2) The prodigious land, Emperor Hirohito, Accepting the Potsdam Declaration, Radio Broadcast. The agreement stated that if Japan did not surrender, "They would face prompt and utter destruction. C. " The Potsdam declaration was declared on July 26 th, 1945. The text for this page was adapted from, and portions were taken directly from the Office of  15 Aug 2018 Here is the text of the Japanese reply to the Allied demands :— regarding Japan's acceptance of the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration. Truman. Japan was no longer a sovereign nation Potsdam Conference concludes. Can the Prime Minister confirm that this point is the very basis of Japan's postwar government?” Abe: As I have never read the Potsdam Declaration in detail, I cannot provide an answer at this time. Second, surrender unconditionally all armed forces. ” text of the approved invitation was as follows: Council of Foreign Ministers Draft for identical invitation to be sent separately by each of the Three Governments to the Governments of China and France. Churchill, together with Mr. “17 For the details of the theory, see, e. (Photo、xinhuanet. , which took place from July 17 to August 2, 1945, came to the following conclusions: I. It was broadcast to the Japanese Home Islands in Japanese and flyers containing the text were dropped over Japan. Attlee, met in the Tripartite Conference of Berlin. Japan was no longer a sovereign nation Or: "Potsdam Declaration," Clause 6 Of course, the problem is that documents like this don't have proper authors and aren't rightly published. The Cairo Declaration was the outcome of the Cairo Conference in Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943. see Best Answer: "One result of the conference was a 26 July joint proclamation by the U. If you take it from a book or website that gives footnotes or analysis, you can just cite that. V. President Franklin D. Potsdam Conference. Article 8. The declaration was made at the Potsdam Conference near the end of World War II. Document. g. SUNY Potsdam alumnus John Alleyne ’14 has found great success since graduating with a BFA in studio art five years ago. History 300: The Potsdam Declaration. POTSDAM, N. Potsdam Quotes. the Potsdam Declaration in setting the terms of Japan's surrender limited . : U. (1) We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, have conferred and agreed that Japan shall be given an opportunity to end this war. Truman, United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Truman met with Allied leaders in Potsdam demanding Japan’s unconditional surrender. The Potsdam Declaration  This book is a quick read: Of its 209 pages of text nearly 50 pages are bomb development and the Potsdam Declaration rendered it a perfect shock strategy. The armed forces of the Allied Powers will remain in Japan until the purposes set forth in the Potsdam Declaration are achieved. But this speech did end that Pacific War, it turned the traditional role of the Emperor on its head, and it totally changed the way Japan went about its business. Options. On July 26, the Potsdam Declaration was sent to Washington and given to members of the press. [1] Potsdam Declaration. . , and U. The Allied leaders—representatives of the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, the so-called Grand Alliance—met in Tehran in November 1943, Yalta in February 1945, and then Potsdam from July 17 to August 2, 1945. 4 Mar 2014 acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration in 1945, there were three documents . detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. ” The first and second kanji characters forming the expression meant “silence” and “kill” respectively, and their juxtaposition implies “to kill with silent contempt”, and not simply “reject. Source: United States Department of State Foreign relations of the United States : diplomatic papers : the Conference of Berlin (the Potsdam Conference), 1945 Volume II Washington, D. 11. However, after the Soviet Union joined the Potsdam Declaration (Aug. Text. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a . ESTABLISHMENT OF A COUNCIL OF FOREIGN MINISTERS. Video Player is loading. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan as agreed upon at the Potsdam Conference. Historical Analysis. Issued, at Potsdam, July 26, 1945 We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, have conferred and agree that Japan shall be given an opportunity to end this war. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Foreign relations of the United States : diplomatic papers : the Conference of Berlin (the Potsdam Conference), 1945. ". The Soviet Union was represented by Joseph Stalin, Britain by Winston Churchill, and the United States by President Harry S. Truman delayed the start of the summit by two weeks in the hope that the bomb could be tested before the start of negotiations with Stalin. Potsdam Declaration Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender Issued, at Potsdam, July 26, 1945 We-the President of the United States, the President of the National Government of the Republic of China, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, representing the hundreds of millions of our countrymen, Potsdam Declaration, ultimatum issued by the United States, the United Kingdom, and China on July 26, 1945, calling for the unconditional surrender of Japan. Registered . The main islands had not been invaded, they still controlled territory in the Pacific and on the mainland, and while the Soviets had denounced their nonagression pact, they were still at peace with Japan. The Potsdam conference was a meeting organized by the victorious Allied Powers of the Second World War, which aimed to reinstate order to the world after the end of the war. Quick Reference (26 July 1945) An ultimatum of the Allied governments to Japan, with which Britain and the USA were still at war, drawn up at the The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine. R. Potsdam Declaration (click to view) Potsdam was held to determine the terms of the Japanese surrender to the Allies, but it was relevant to the Cold War because by now President Roosevelt had passed away and President Truman, who was a staunch negotiator as well, hinted to Stalin of the existence of the Atomic bomb before it’s actual use, but Stalin already knew of it’s development through his own intelligence. In the months separating Yalta and Potsdam, several key changes took place. AP Notes, Outlines, Study Guides, Vocabulary, Practice Exams and more! Facebook; Twitter; Google+; Search In July of 1945 allied leaders meeting in Potsdam submitted a stiffly-worded declaration of surrender terms and waited anxiously · for the Japanese reply. The Potsdam Declaration publicly released on July 26, 1945. On July 9, 1776, the Manhattan printer John Holt gently edited the Declaration of Independence text and then published 500 copies. The Potsdam Declaration was intended from the start to serve as legal basis for handling Japan after the war. It was issued at Potsdam on 26 July 1945. Clement R. The Potsdam Declaration also outlined what continuing the war – or, alternatively, what peace – would mean for Japan. Full Text of the Potsdam Declaration - National Diet Library of Japan  Potsdam Declaration. This declaration was made at the potsdam conference, and the last meeting of The Big Three during WWII. [14] Following the surrender of the Japanese government and the landing of Gen. On July 26, 1945, United States President Harry S. The text of the agreement for the establishment of the Council of Foreign Ministers is as follows: 1. Read the introductory text below adapted from remarks given by Norman Naimark on November 19, 2014, at Stanford’s Bing Hall. Marching to Victory: The Potsdam Declaration July 26, 1945. pose of the Peace Treaty with Italy — will draw up final texts of. Introduction. The Berlin Conference of the Three Heads of Government of the U. The unconditional surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and Japan on September 2, 1945, brought World War II to an end. Shultz, Stuart Canin, and Stanford professor Scott Sagan, that sheds light on what happened at Potsdam when Canin was there. The terms had included a statement to the· effect that any negative answer would invite "prompt and utter destruction. Potsdam Declaration The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender is a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II. Notes. The Berlin (Potsdam) Conference, July 17-August 2, 1945 (a) Protocol of the Proceedings, August l, 1945. Previous for “” Next. Y. 8. Germany had already See full answer below. see Shii: The Potsdam Declaration states that Japan mistakenly embarked on a war of aggression. And the United States will not agree to the taking from Germany of greater reparations than was provided by the Potsdam Agreement. At the Yalta Conference France had been granted an occupation zone within Germany, France had been a participant in the Berlin Declaration, and France was to be an equal member of the Allied Control Council. During the second week of Allied deliberations at Potsdam, on the evening of July 24, 1945, Truman approached Stalin without an interpreter and, as casually as he could, Newly Discovered Copy of Declaration of Independence Will be Auctioned. We-the President of the United States, the  with Questions (DBQs). We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China and Great Britain on 26 July 1945, at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers. (August 2, 1945) The text of the agreement for the establishment of the Council of Foreign Ministers is as follows: 1. External links[edit]. , U. THE POTSDAM DECLARATION. Which of the following was an effect of Japan's acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration on September 2, 1945? A. 1 of 1. Upgrade to remove ads The Potsdam Conference was the only time that Truman met Stalin in person. Japan gained control of the Philippines C. local time, the U. It ended with an ultimatum: Japan must immediately agree to unconditionally surrender, or face "prompt and utter destruction". Roosevelt, who died in April 1945, attended the first two conferences–in Tehran in 1943 and Yalta in February 1945. Truman; the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Generalissimo J. The Potsdam Declaration of 1945 defined the terms for Japan’s surrender and set down the framework for the post-War global order. The Potsdam Declaration. Third, cease hostilities forthwith and preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft and military and civil property. When the Potsdam Declaration was issued, Japan thought it could still negotiate terms. The Potsdam Conference, a meeting of the victorious leaders of the Allies in Europe, and issuing a proclamation demanding unconditional surrender from the  About This Site | Text Only prisoners of war, and comply with the terms of the Potsdam declaration, which confines its sovereignty to the four and "suffer even the insufferable" in seeking to comply with the Emperor's surrender proclamation. There shall be established a Council composed of the Foreign Ministers of the United Kingdom, the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, China, France and the United States. Play. President Truman recalls many of the successes and problems of the Potsdam Conference and the postwar world in his diary entries and letters to his wife, Bess Wallace Truman. On July 17, 1945, the President of the United States of America, Harry S. cn. Sorry, no matching sets were found for "Potsdam declaration" Study sets. THE POTSDAM DECLARATION (JULY 26, 1945). (26 July 1945)An ultimatum of the Allied governments to Japan, with which Britain and the USA were still at war, drawn up at the Potsdam Conference. CLOSE. Start studying Modern World History Final Review Part4. Students are given the opportunity to examine these unique documents and argue about their validity as primary sources while learning about the Potsdam Conference. The Potsdam Declaration is an authority of the new regime The next step is “What did the Declaration as an authority demand of Japan?” A popularof the Emperor. On July 28, 1945, the Japanese government refused to meet the demands of the Potsdam Declaration. The Potsdam Declaration included clauses to disarm and disband the Japanese military, and remove from office and put on trial those Japanese the Allies deemed responsible for the war. terms necessary to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration, and shall issue his . Japan was to be stripped of its empire, and occupied until a peaceful polity had been established. That question weighed on their minds when the Potsdam Declaration arrived ( July Your suggestion to the contrary is not supported by anything in the text. " The Declaration was released to the press in Potsdam on the evening of July 26 and simultaneously transmitted to the Office of War Information (OWI) in Washington. 3 In fact, the Potsdam Declaration that I will refer to as an authoritative text is obviously an. The Potsdam Declaration was the proclamation drafted by the Allied forces, which defined the terms of the Japanese surrender at the end of World War 2. The Declaration of Independence printed by John Holt on July 9, 1776. potsdam declaration text

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